TES Technical Safety - Dangerous Goods Containments
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1. Introduction

For the transport of dangerous goods containments are needed that provide the required safety. Due to the transport worldwide, international as well as national rules and regulations have been developed, which describe


2. Categories of containments

In principle, the categories of containments depend on the composition and amount of dangerous goods to be transported. It is easy to see that strict requirements are necessary for containments transporting radioactive material, especially spent fuel elements from nuclear power plants ("CASTORs") or small amounts with high activity ("special form radioactive materials").

With regard to the quantity, dangerous goods packagings are the most manufactured containments. These include:

Transportable Pressure Equipment - Pressure Receptacles and Fuel Gas Storage Systems are the next group of containments and have their own special safety requirements for gases.

And last but not least, dangerous goods are transported in tanks, tank-containers, bulk-containers or mobile explosives manufacturing units (MEMUs).


3. Special requirements for the materials

All materials and closures must be compatible with, and resistant to, the dangerous goods to be transported in them.

The compatibility (valuation of material) must be tested and evaluated with regard to, among other things,

The BAM List is a helpful tool for the evaluation of material compatibility.

It serves as a basis for substance-related prototype approvals by BAM of tank containers and portable tanks designed for the carriage of dangerous goods. In addition, the list is used as a data source for the approval of tank vehicles and rail tank wagons, and also serves as a reference for the material used in other types of containments carrying dangerous goods.


4. Transport of dangerous goods

The worldwide transport uses the modes of "road", "railway", "air" and "waterways". Each mode has its own special mechanical strain, such as vibration (train, lorry) or roll (ships).

Securing of load is an important precautionary measure to avoid damage or destruction of cargo.

The application of national and international rules and guidelines should help to minimize accidents due to bad cargo securing.

The proper marking and labelling of the packagings are also important for all parties involved, so that one can see from the outside what kind of danger is "lurking" in a packaging.

On the right you will find a properly marked and labelled packaging.


5. Networks of experience

The BAM considers contact with manufacturers and users of dangerous goods packagings as very important. It is our aim to inform you about changes in rules and standards and to discuss with you difficulties occurring when putting these rules into practice.

The following groups regularly meet to exchange experience in the fields of:

Dangerous goods packagings

Transportable pressure devices

Tanks / Containers

Additional working groups can be found under Networks in the Service Menue.


6. See also TES internal links

Signature TES (Start)
Technical Safety -
Dangerous Goods Containments

Database Dangerous Goods Packagings
Register of German Approvals

Dangerous Goods Database
Planning of Transport incl. Transport Documents